Where are elephants in Valparai? Find out on a bus!

Our Elephant Information Network has a new addition: voice announcement systems installed on government buses to alert passengers about elephant presence in the Valparai plateau.

If you happen to hop onto a Government bus in Valparai in the evening, instead of that uptempo Tamil music that you were expecting though the speakers, you might be surprised to hear NCF’s Ganesh Raghunathan giving real time information to passengers about where elephants are on the plateau!


That’s Ganesh warning passengers about areas where elephants are present so that
they can take necessary precautions.

We’ve worked very closely with the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (TNSTC) and the Tamil Nadu Forest Department to get these warning systems up and running in buses in Valparai which will convey crucial information about elephant presence to people who travel by buses in the evenings.

Six such voice announcement systems have been installed on buses that cover six different routes (buses heading to Shekalmudi Puthukadu, Periyakallar, Vellamalai top, Velonie, Injiparai and High Forest), covering most of the plateau.

Coupled with the existing system of crawls on local cable TV channels, bulk SMSes, automated phone calls, and mobile-operated light indicators, this new addition will help reduce surprise encounters with elephants and strengthen human-elephant coexistence in Valparai.

The idea for the warning systems sprung late one evening in Valparai when Ganesh was riding back home:

“I was on my way back home, riding through a lovely dense forest patch when I saw a TNSTC bus ahead of me. The bus was super packed and I didn’t have any space on the narrow road to overtake it. So, I was stuck for a rather long time behind the bus, and I was thinking to myself… Oh, these people are traveling late at night and are going to get off and walk back home in the dark from the bus stop… What if there are elephants around! And that’s when I thought—hey, why not have announcements inside the bus too? I immediately pulled over, and called Divya to tell her about this new idea. I spoke to Anand the next morning too, and both of them really liked it! We then got in touch with Praneeth Bodduluri, a friend of ours from IIT Kanpur, who loves wildlife and is always ready to hel­p with his skills, and he helped us build the app.”

So how do these warning systems work? Each system consists of speakers connected to an android phone loaded with 250 pre-recorded elephant locations. These locations have been identified with the help of data collected by NCF’s field team who have been tracking and studying elephants in the area for over eight years.

This is the first time in India that a State public transport department and Forest Department have joined hands to conserve elephants and help reduce accidental encounters with these mega-herbivores. The project is supported by Oracle India & the Whitley Fund for Nature.

“Eventually, we want to make the details of these systems freely available to interested people and organisations to adopt in other landscapes depending on the suitability,” Ananda Kumar said.

Inauguration by Forest and Transport officials
Forest Department and TNSTC officials, and NCF staff 
at the inauguration of the bus warning systems.

Ganesh explaining how the new bus warning systems work and how
they can help reduce surprise encounters.


Cover photo: Sreedhar Vijayakrishnan

2 thoughts on “Where are elephants in Valparai? Find out on a bus!

Comments are closed.