by Claire Wordley
Can you identify these three bats?
The World of Bats
How much do you know about bats? Bats are helpful creatures that help pollinate plants. You might know some of the answers to this quiz if you’ve been reading about bats in previous issues of The Hindu in School… but there are some surprise questions too!
1: How many bat species are there in the world?
c. Around 1200
2: Bats are most closely related to:
a. Mynah birds
3: How many calls can bats make per second?
4: Why do we need bats?
a. To pollinate plants, disperse seeds and eat insects
b. To fight crime
c. To carry mail for us
5: Bats can find their way in the dark using:
b. A torch
c. Infrared vision
6: Bats are the only mammals that can
a. Turn people into vampires
7: How many bat species are endangered?
a. Around 3
b. Around 30
c. Around 300
8: Bats are found
a. Only in India
b. Only in Asia
c. Everywhere except Antarctica and the Arctic Circle
9: How much does the smallest bat in the world weigh?
a. The same as a ten paise coin
b. The same as The Hindu school edition
c. The same as a mouse
10: Nearly all bats are
11: If you find a bat in your house you should
a. Pick it up and put it outside
b. Isolate it in one room, and open window and doors in that room until it flies out
c. Send a cat in to eat it
Picture question: Take a look at the photos in this quiz. Which of these Indian bat species can you identify?
1: c. There’s around 1200 different species of bat in the world, and new species are being discovered all the time!
2: b. Scientists have shown that primates like monkeys, chimpanzees and humans evolved from the same ancestors as bats did – probably small shrew-like creatures.
3: c. Bats have some of the fastest moving muscles in nature to make up to 200 calls a second!
4: a. Bats do many useful things in ecosystems that benefit us too. Sadly, Batman only fights crime in movies and cartoons.
5: a. While all bats can see well, most find their way using echolocation.
Bats don’t see in infrared, but some vampire bats have infrared sensors on their face to detect blood vessels in their prey (vampire bats only live in South America, and mainly feed on cows, pigs and birds).
6: b. Vampire bats only turn into superhuman monsters in fiction!
7: c. Around 25% of bats are endangered – that’s about 300 species.
8: c. Bats are amazingly adaptable, living in chilly Northern Europe, baking deserts and steamy rainforests.
9: a. The bumblebee bat ( Craseonycteristhonglongyai ) lives in Thailand and weighs around 2g! Sadly, very few are left.
10: b. All bats are mammals, and have soft fur like a kitten or puppy, apart from one – the naked bat.
11: b. Don’t pick up bats without special training, as like any wild animal they can bite!
Bat A is the small bent-winged bat (Miniopteruspusillus); Bat B is Leschenault’s Rousette (Rousettusleschenaultii); Bat C is the lesser false vampire bat (Megaermaspasma)
Photos: Claire Wordley